Exploring Big Data Landscapes with Elastic Displays (September 2017)
In this paper, we propose a concept to help data analysts to quickly assess parameters and results of cluster algorithms. The presentation and interaction on a flexible display makes it possible to grasp the function- ing of algorithms and focus on the data itself. Two interaction concepts are presented, which demonstrate the strength of elastic displays: a layer concept that allows the recognition of differences between various parameter settings of cluster algorithms, and a Zoomable User Interface, which encourages the in-depth analysis of clusters.
Kammer, D., Keck, M., Müller, M., Gründer, T. & Groh, R., (2017). Exploring Big Data Landscapes with Elastic Displays. In: Burghardt, M., Wimmer, R., Wolff, C. & Womser-Hacker, C. (Hrsg.), Mensch und Computer 2017 – Workshopband. Regensburg: Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V., DOI: http://doi.org/10.18420/muc2017-ws08-0342.
A Framework for Training Hybrid Recommender Systems (August 2017)
Recommender Systems (RS) are widely used to provide users with personalized suggestions taken from an extended variety of items. One of the major challenges of RS is the accuracy in cold-start situations where little feedback is available for a user or an item. Exploiting available user and item metadata helps to cope with this problem. We propose a hybrid training framework consisting of two predictors, a collaborative filtering instance and a metadata-based instance relying on content and demographic data. Our framework supports a wide range of algorithms to be used as predictors. The cross-training mechanism we design minimizes the weaknesses of one instance by updating its training with predicted data from the other instance. A sophisticated sampling function selects ratings to be predicted for cross-training We evaluate our framework conducting multiple experiments on the MovieLens 100K dataset, simulating different scenarios including user and item cold-start. Our framework outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms and is able to provide accurate predictions across all tested scenarios.
Towards Glyph-based Visualizations for Big Data Clustering (August 2017)
Data Analysts have to deal with an ever-growing amount of data resources. One way to make sense of this data is to extract features and use clustering algorithms to group items according to a similarity measure. Algorithm developers are challenged when evaluating the performance of the algorithm since it is hard to identify features that influence the clustering. Moreover, many algorithms can be trained using a semi-supervised approach, where human users provide ground truth samples by manually grouping single items. Hence, visualization techniques are needed that help data analysts achieve their goal in evaluating Big data clustering algorithms. In this context, Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) has become a prominent visualization tool. In this paper, we propose a combination with glyphs that can provide a detailed view of specific features involved in MDS. In consequence, human users can understand, adjust, and ultimately improve clustering algorithms. We present a thorough glyph design, which is founded in a comprehensive survey of related work and report the results of a controlled experiments, where participants solved data analysis tasks with both glyphs and a traditional textual display of data values.
Mandy Keck, Dietrich Kammer, Thomas Gründer, Thomas Thom, Martin Kleinsteuber, Alexander Maasch, and Rainer Groh. 2017. Towards Glyph-based visualizations for big data clustering. In Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Visual Information Communication and Interaction (VINCI ’17). ACM, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/3105971.3105979. New York, NY, USA, 129-136.
A Zoomable Product Browser for Elastic Displays
In this paper, we present an interaction and visualization concept for elastic displays. The interaction concept was inspired by the search process of a rummage table to explore a large set of product data. The basic approach uses a similarity-based search pattern – based on a small set of items, the user refines the search result by examining similar items and exchanging them with items from the current result. A physically-based approach is used to interact with the data by deforming the surface of the elastic display. The presented visualization concept uses glyphs to directly compare items at a glance. Zoomable UI techniques controlled by the deformation of the elastic surface allow to display different levels of detail for each item.